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Overview

Topics

Topic A

The Hungarian Revolution of 1956 - finding solutions to USSR aggression.

Topic B

The Suez Crisis of 1956, combatting foreign meddling.

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Topic Descriptions

Topic A

The Hungarian Revolution of 1956 was a spontaneous nationwide revolt against the government of the Hungarian People's Republic and its Soviet-imposed policies. It is one of the most significant events in Cold War history, highlighting the tension between Soviet control and national autonomy within the Eastern Bloc. Addressing the Soviet aggression during the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, in a contemporary context, would involve a multifaceted approach focusing on diplomatic, economic, and political strategies. The international community, particularly the United Nations and major powers, could have played a more significant role in mediating the conflict. Diplomatic efforts could have been geared towards negotiations between Hungarian leaders and the Soviet Union to reach a peaceful resolution that respected Hungary's sovereignty while addressing the Soviet Union's security concerns.

Topic B

For the Suez Crisis of 1956, which involved the invasion of Egypt by Israel, followed by the United Kingdom and France, with the aim to regain Western control of the Suez Canal and to remove Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, the key solution would have been the prevention of foreign meddling. International intervention, ideally through the United Nations, was crucial to resolve the crisis. The UN could have played a more proactive role in facilitating negotiations and mediating between the involved parties. The deployment of peacekeeping forces to the region, as eventually happened, helped to prevent further military engagement and to stabilize the situation. Additionally, diplomatic pressure from the United States and the Soviet Union on their respective allies, coupled with an international consensus against the use of force to resolve the dispute, would have been essential. Economic sanctions or the threat thereof against the aggressor nations could have been employed to compel them to withdraw their forces. Promoting a diplomatic solution that respected the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Egypt while addressing the concerns of Israel, the UK, and France over the Suez Canal's operation was critical. The crisis highlighted the need for international norms governing the use of force and respect for national sovereignty, which became a significant focus in international relations in the aftermath of the crisis.

Chairpersons

Daria Gheorghe (she/her)

Aki Nistor (he/him)

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